Vaccination anti-hépatite B et responsabilité du laboratoire

smallpox_vaccine1C’est une décision fort importante que la Cour de cassation vient de rendre récemment sur la question de la défectuosité du vaccin contre l’hépatite B et qui prouve, s’il en était encore besoin, que la Haute juridiction se montre sensible à l’intérêt des victimes.

En effet, par arrêt du 9 juillet 2009 ((Cass. Civ. 1ère, n°08-11.073.)), la Cour régulatrice a jugé que la défectuosité du vaccin contre l’hépatite B pouvait être déduite de l’absence de mention, dans la notice l’accompagnant, du risque de développer une sclérose en plaques. Elle a également estimé qu’une causalité probable entre la vaccination et le préjudice dont il est demandé réparation était suffisante pour satisfaire à l’exigence juridique du lien de causalité.

Dans un mouvement amorcé par les arrêts du 22 mai 2008 ((Cass. Civ. 1ère, 22 mai 2008, D. 2008. AJ. 1544 ; RTD civ. 2008. 492, obs. Jourdain ; JCP 2008. II. 10131, note Grynbaum.)), elle confirme finalement l’assouplissement de sa jurisprudence, tant en ce qui concerne l’appréciation du caractère défectueux du produit, que la preuve du lien de causalité entre celle-ci et le dommage dont la victime demande réparation.

Il n’en a pas toujours été ainsi.

Sur la défectuosité du vaccin en question, par exemple, la Cour de cassation a su faire montre de rigueur en décidant que cette défectuosité ne pouvait se déduire du seul fait que le vaccin a été le facteur déclenchant d’une pathologie développée par la victime et que cette pathologie était mentionnée au titre des effets indésirables du produit ((Cass. Civ. 1ère, 24 janvier 2006, D. 2006. Jur. 1273, note Neyret ; RDSS 2006. 495, obs. Peigné.)). En d’autres termes, un vaccin peut avoir des effets indésirables sans pour autant être considéré comme défectueux.

En l’espèce, l’attendu portant sur cette question mérite une attention particulière :

« Mais attendu qu’aux termes de l’article 1386 4 du code civil, un produit est défectueux lorsqu’il n’offre pas la sécurité à laquelle on peut légitimement s’attendre ; que dans l’appréciation de cette exigence, il doit être tenu compte, notamment, de la présentation du produit, de l’usage qui peut en être raisonnablement attendu, et du moment de sa mise en circulation ; que la cour d’appel a constaté que le dictionnaire médical Vidal, comme la notice actuelle de présentation du vaccin, fait figurer au nombre des effets indésirables possibles du produit la poussée de sclérose en plaque, quand la notice de présentation du produit litigieux ne contenait pas cette information ; qu’elle en a exactement déduit que le vaccin présentait le caractère d’un produit défectueux au sens de ce texte ; »

Concernant la preuve du lien de causalité, la Cour rappelle ce qu’elle avait déjà énoncé dans les arrêts précédents du 22 mai 2008 et du 25 juin 2009 ((Cass. Civ. 1ère, 25 juin 2009, n°08-12.781.)), à savoir que la causalité peut résulter de présomptions, dès lors qu’elles sont graves, précises et concordantes. Tel était le cas en l’occurrence, où l’on pouvait conclure à une causalité probable entre l’injection du vaccin et la pathologie développée par la victime.

« Mais attendu qu’ayant relevé, d’abord, que si les études scientifiques versées aux débats par la société Sanofi Pasteur MSD n’ont pas permis de mettre en évidence une augmentation statistiquement significative du risque relatif à la sclérose en plaque ou de démyélinisation après vaccination contre l’hépatite B, elles n’excluent pas, pour autant, un lien possible entre cette vaccination et la survenance d’une démyélinisation de type sclérose en plaque ; qu’ayant ensuite relevé que les premières manifestations de sclérose en plaque avaient eu lieu moins de deux mois après la dernière injection du produit ; que ni Mme K… ni aucun membre de sa famille n’avaient souffert d’antécédents neurologiques, et que dès lors aucune autre cause ne pouvait expliquer cette maladie, dont le lien avec la vaccination relevait de l’évidence selon le médecin traitant de Mme K…, la cour d’appel, qui a souverainement estimé que ces faits constituaient des présomptions graves, précises et concordantes, a pu en déduire un lien causal entre la vaccination de Mme K…, et le préjudice subi par elle ; »

A la lecture de cet attendu, il semble acquis qu’une certitude toute relative suffit désormais à admettre l’existence d’un lien de causalité, ce qui peut laisser les juristes dubitatifs, au plan des principes.

Omar YAHIA

This Post Has 4 917 Comments

  1. Kristie dit :

    Thank you foor sharing your info. I truly appreciate
    your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write upss thank you
    once again.

  2. Thanks for finally writing about >Vaccination anti-hépatite B et responsabilité du laboratoire | Hospudroit
    <Loved it!

  3. best pron dit :

    JUzgMp placing the other person as website link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also do similar in support of you.

  4. Alecia dit :

    Exccellent write-up. I certainly appreciate this website.
    Keep it up!

  5. Selena dit :

    Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it frrom somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would
    really make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got
    your design. Bless you

  6. Hey! Would yoou mind if I shar your blog with my facebook group?
    There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Cheers

  7. Ruby dit :

    Wow, this piece of writing is pleasant, my sister is analyzing such things, therefore I am going to let know her.

  8. I take pleasure in, lead to I found exactly what I used to be looking for.
    You’ve ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day.
    Bye

  9. Thank youu for another informative web site.
    Where else could I get that kind of info written in such an ideal way?
    I’ve a miussion that I am just now running on, and I have been at the glance out for such info.

  10. Rocco dit :

    I was recommended this website by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty.
    You’re amazing! Thanks!

  11. Looking forward to reading more. Great blog post.Much thanks again. Will read on

  12. Dane dit :

    A fascinating discussion iis worth comment.I believe thaat you ought to publixh more abojt this
    issue, it might not be a taboo matter but typically people do not discusss such subjects.
    To the next! Cheers!!

  13. Hi there Dear, are you genuinely visiting this web site daily, if so afterward you will wiyhout doubt take pleasant knowledge.

  14. Foster dit :

    Thank you for every other informative web site.

    Where else could I geet that type of info written in such an ideal approach?
    I have a challenge thqt I amm just now working
    on, and I have been at the glance out for suc info.

  15. affilorama dit :

    hello!,I love your writing so so much! proportion we communicate extra about your post on AOL?
    I require a specialist on this space to resolve my problem.
    May be that’s you! Having a look ahead to see you.

  16. Thanks ffor sharing your thoughts on signs oof cheating.
    Regards

  17. IPTV MAROC dit :

    usually posts some quite interesting stuff like this. If youre new to this site

  18. MAG dit :

    please go to the websites we stick to, including this one, because it represents our picks in the web

  19. Definitely believe that which you stated.
    Your favorite reason appeared to bbe on the internet the easiest thing too be aware of.
    I say tto you, I csrtainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about.
    You managed to hhit the nail upon the top as well ass defined out the whole thing without having side-effects ,
    people could take a signal. Will likely be back tto get more.

    Thanks

  20. Pearl dit :

    An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker
    who had been doing a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me lunch due to the fact that I found it for him…

    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this
    matter here on your blog.

  21. VU+ dit :

    very few web-sites that happen to become comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well really worth checking out

  22. IPTV dit :

    we came across a cool web-site that you just may love. Take a look when you want

  23. etumax dit :

    This is one awesome article.Thanks Again.

  24. we came across a cool internet site that you just could possibly delight in. Take a search should you want

  25. Hello too every single one, it’s inn fact a nice for me to pay a visit this web site, it
    consists of useful Information.

  26. This is really interesting, You are a very
    skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward
    to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your
    site in my social networks!

  27. Google dit :

    We came across a cool website that you just might enjoy. Take a appear in case you want.

  28. data recovery dit :

    Link exchange is nothing else except it is simply placing the other person as blog link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do similar for you.|

  29. It’s awesome to pay a quick visit this website and reading the views of all friends concerning this post, while I am also
    eager of getting familiarity.

  30. IPTV dit :

    check beneath, are some completely unrelated internet websites to ours, however, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use

  31. Maria dit :

    Olá ! Isso é meio off-topic, mas preciso de alguns
    orientação de um blog estabelecido. É difícil para definir
    o seu próprio blog? Eu não sou muito técnico, mas pode resolver as coisas muito rápido .

    Estou pensando em criando meu próprio, mas eu não
    sei onde começar. Tem algum ideias ou sugestões?
    Com agradecimentos

  32. Cristine dit :

    I am very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinfoormation that
    is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best
    doc.

  33. vitalaxin 20 dit :

    You actually make it seem really easy together wit your presentation however I find this matter
    to be really something that I believe I would by no means understand.
    It kind of feels too complicated and very large for me.
    I’m having a look ahead in your subsequent submit, I’ll try to get the cling of it!

  34. Nice blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What host are you using?
    Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

  35. Fantastic article post.Thanks Again. Really Cool.

  36. There as certainly a great deal to find out about this issue. I like all of the points you made.

  37. obat sipilis dit :

    It’s awesome for me to have a site, which is valuable designed for my know-how. thanks admin|

  38. obat sipilis dit :

    Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Taking the time and actual effort to create a really good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and don’t seem to get anything done.|

  39. Great article, exactly what I needed.

  40. Condom dit :

    May I simply just say what a comfort to find somebody who actually understands what they are discussing over the internet. You certainly understand how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people ought to look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you are not more popular since you most certainly have the gift.|

  41. Condom dit :

    Do you have a spam issue on this site; I also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; we have developed some nice practices and we are looking to exchange techniques with others, why not shoot me an email if interested.|

  42. You should take part in a contest for one of the best blogs on the web. I will recommend this site!

  43. Male Extra dit :

    You must indulge in a contest for among the very best blogs online.
    I’ll suggest this site!

  44. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or
    copyright infringement? My website has a lot of completely unique content I’ve either authored myself or
    outsourced but it seems a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do you know any ways to help reduce content from being ripped off?
    I’d truly appreciate it.

  45. Hey! This is my very first visit to your blog!
    We are a team of volunteers and starting a whole new project
    in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us
    beneficial information to work on. You have done an exceptional job!

  46. A big thank you for your blog post. Really Cool.

  47. Loads of outstanding writing here. I wish I saw it found the site sooner.
    Congratulations!

  48. Heya i’m a first timer here. I discovered this site and I find it really helpful.
    I really hope to provide something back and also help others just like you helped me.

  49. The following time I learn a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I imply, I do know it was my option to read, but I actually thought youd have one thing fascinating to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you can repair if you werent too busy searching for attention.

  50. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest
    but your website is great, continue the good work!
    I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to return later.
    All the best.

  51. Web.eydns.com dit :

    Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your
    blog and wished to say that I have truly loved
    browsing your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing for your rss feed and I’m hoping you write once more soon!

  52. Would you be all for exchanging links?

  53. maxbet dit :

    Its such as you read my mind! You appear to grasp so
    much approximately this, like you wrote the ebook in it or something.
    I believe that you simply can do with some percent to pressure the message
    house a bit, but instead of that, that is magnificent blog.
    An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  54. MiguSaro dit :

    Viagra Original Kaufen Propecia Ot Proscar Priligy Sanchez Drago [url=http://genericcial.com ]online pharmacy[/url] Amoxicillin Oral

  55. I’m typically to blogging and i in fact love your articles.

    The post has actually got my interest. I’m going to bookmark your site and also retain checking for brand new information.

  56. I blog quite often and I really appreciate your content. This article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your Feed too.

  57. Hi, I do believe this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to come back once again since I saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  58. I really like you for gathering helpful info, this post has given me even more info!

  59. Candida dit :

    Everything is very open with a really clear description of the challenges.
    It was definitely informative. Your website is very helpful.

    Thanks for sharing.

  60. Alberto dit :

    There is definately a lot to learn about this subject.
    I really like all the points you made.

  61. Porque pessoas ainda fazer usar de ler notícias papéis quando neste tecnológicas mundo todos é existente em web?

  62. The best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. Kona Coffee originated from the Arabica tree discovered 5th century although roast coffees best medicinal properties were not discovered until late 14th century A.D.

  63. dog training dit :

    I am really enjoying the theme/design of your website. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A couple of my blog visitors have complained about my website not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera. Do you have any solutions to help fix this issue?|

  64. The best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. Kona Coffee originated from the Arabica tree discovered 5th century although roast coffees best medicinal properties were not discovered until late 14th century A.D.

  65. dog training dit :

    I am not sure where you are getting your information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or figuring out more. Thanks for fantastic information I used to be on the lookout for this info for my mission.|

  66. The Best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. The best Kona coffee online is still brewed as a drink prepared from the Kona roasted cherry.

  67. Viagra dit :

    Great job !. I’m going to share it on .

  68. Türklingel dit :

    I every time emailed this web site post page to all my friends, since if like to read it afterward my links will too.|

  69. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept|

  70. Google dit :

    Below youll locate the link to some sites that we believe you ought to visit.

  71. Viagra dit :

    i’ve visited this blog a few times now and i have to tell you that i find it quite nice actually. continue doing what you’re doing! 😉

  72. Larasyday dit :

    Discount Worldwide On Line Elocon Medicine Secure Ordering cheap generic accutane Cephalexin Odor [url=http://tadalaf20mg.com ]cheap cialis[/url] Comprare Levitra Generico

  73. chennai news dit :

    here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to mainly because we believe they may be really worth visiting

  74. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all of us you really know what you are speaking about! Bookmarked. Please additionally talk over with my website =). We will have a link change contract among us|

  75. The Best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. The best Kona coffee online is still brewed as a drink prepared from the Kona roasted cherry.

  76. The Best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. The best Kona coffee online is still brewed as a drink prepared from the Kona roasted cherry.

  77. very handful of internet websites that occur to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out

  78. I really like it when folks come together and share opinions. Great blog, keep it up!|

  79. Free porn dit :

    i’ve visited this blog a few times now and i have to tell you that i find it quite nice actually. continue doing what you’re doing! 😉

  80. The Best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. The best Kona coffee online is still brewed as a drink prepared from the Kona roasted cherry.

  81. The Best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. The best Kona coffee online is still brewed as a drink prepared from the Kona roasted cherry.

  82. we came across a cool website that you may well delight in. Take a search if you want

  83. The Best Kona Coffee took 16 centuries to arrive Online. The best Kona coffee online is still brewed as a drink prepared from the Kona roasted cherry.

Leave A Reply